Pirineos, Vol 166 (2011)

Favorabilidad ecogeográfica para el corzo: distribución y abundancia


https://doi.org/10.3989/pirineos.2011.166001

P. Acevedo
Departamento de Biología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga - Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), España

R. Real
Departamento de Biología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, España

C. Gortázar
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), España

Resumen


Los modelos de distribución de especies (SDM) están siendo cada vez más usados para abordar cuestiones relacionadas con la ecología, biogeografía y conservación de las especies. En este estudio nos proponemos realizar un modelo de distribución para el corzo (Capreolus capreolus) en la España peninsular para estudiar los determinantes macroambientales de su rango de distribución, evaluar la favorabilidad para la especie, y la utilidad del modelo como indicador de su abundancia relativa. El modelo indica que su distribución se puede explicar en términos topográficos, climáticos, litológicos, geográficos y de presión humana. El clima fue el factor que en su efecto puro explicó un mayor porcentaje de variación, y le siguen la presión humana, la topografía, la localización espacial y la litología. El modelo obtenido predijo con elevada precisión la probabilidad de presencia de la especie y con cierto detalle su abundancia relativa.

Palabras clave


Abundance; roe deer; distribution; favourability function; Capreolus capreolus

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Referencias


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