Pirineos, Vol 167 (2012)

El origen de la geoecología de las áreas de montaña


https://doi.org/10.3989/Pirineos.2012.167002

Jack D. Ives
Carleton University, Canadá

Resumen


La geoecología de montaña, como sub-disciplina de la Geografía, entronca con la vida y trabajo de Carl Troll, quien, a su vez, fue inspirado por la filosofía y viajes de Alexander von Humboldt. Como presidente fundador de la comisión de la UGI sobre High Altitude Geoecology (1968), Troll colocó las bases para la investigación interdisciplinar e internacional de las montañas. Este trabajo presenta la evolución de la Comisión y sus estrechas relaciones con el Programa Hombre y Biosfera de UNESCO (1972-) y con el Proyecto de montaña de la Universidad de Naciones Unidas (1978-). Esto facilitó la inclusión de un capítulo sobre la montaña en AGENDA 21 durante la Cumbre de la Tierra de Río de Janeiro (UNCED), y la consiguiente designación de 2002 como el Año Internacional de las Montañas por parte de Naciones Unidas. En este sentido, la geoecología de montaña no sólo contribuyó a la investigación de las montañas del mundo sino que también empujó a la política en el esfuerzo por un desarrollo sostenible de la montaña y el bienestar de los habitantes de la montaña.

Palabras clave


Geoecología de montaña; Carl Troll; International Mountain Society; desarrollo de las áreas de montaña

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Referencias


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